Pronouns stand in for nouns. They have person (1st, 2nd, 3rd) and number (singular, plural).
The German personal pronouns. When we get to verb conjugation, these words will be a key element you should know very well.
As you study the vocabulary, pay attention to the difference between asking a formal (Sie) and a familiar (du/ihr) question. German speakers tend to be much more formal than English speakers.
While in many countries people may use first names with people they have just met or only know casually, German speakers do not.
When a German speaker is asked his or her name, the reply will be the last name, not the first name. The more formal question, Wie ist Ihr Name? as well as the standard Wie heißen Sie?, should be understood as What is your last name?
Naturally, within the family and among good friends, the familiar you pronouns du and ihr are used, and people at first name terms. But when in doubt, you should always err on the side of being too formal, rather than too familiar.
This way, you can see that you really don't need to learn as many unique reflexive forms as you might have thought.
There are also reflexive pronouns that basically mean yourself, himself, herself, etc.
It is important to note however, that when we use a reflexive pronoun in German, this is not necessarily the case in English. In the examples below, none of the German reflexive examples are are reflexive in English.
|Jeden Tag||lese ich||langsam||die Zeitung||zu Hause .|
We often speak of the possessive pronouns, which are actually possessive adjectives — we say 'pronoun' because like real pronouns they have person and number and stand in for the person who owns/possesses something. They are, however, adjectives (they modify nouns), and take adjective endings.