Remember all nouns and any nominalized adjectives (im Voraus), verbs (das Laufen) etc. are all capitalized.
Depending on the meaning of the sentence, all articles, nouns, pronouns, adjectives can be in either the nominative, genitive, dative or accusative case.
This means that the verb is always the second grammatical element in a declarative sentence. This does not necessarily mean that the verb is the second word.
The second part of a verbal phrase is either the past participle, prefix or infinitive. Keep in mind as well that verbs are last in subordinate and relative clauses.
For example: an dem => am., in das => ins. etc.
Remember that the German language applies stricter rules in the use of commas.
Mostly two types are used. Commonly used are lower and upper quotation marks („ “) In modern books you will also see chevron-style quotation marks (» «)
That would include also Ihnen and Ihr.
For example: Sie ist heute schnell nach Hause gefahren.
(time – heute, manner – schnell, place – nach Hause).
These are words - either written exactly or similarly - that exist in both languages, but they have different meanings. For example bald/soon, Rat/counsel.